SPHeRE Blog

Dementia, Disclosing the Diagnosis

While numerous works have discussed formulation of a diagnosis of dementia there is little work to date on the practicalities involved in disclosing this diagnosis to a patient. We therefore outlined some of the key aspects of dementia diagnosis disclosure in a recent commentary published in the Quarterly Journal of […]

Emergency Department Overcrowding: When and Who?

While conducting research into the flow of patients through an Emergency Department (ED), we analysed a ten-year dataset of patient ages and waiting times. This analysis gave insight into seasonal and age-related factors in ED overcrowding and the findings were recently published in the Irish Medical Journal available here. To […]

Key discoveries in understanding the immune response to TB

Since 2015 tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease globally, killing more people than HIV/AIDS. Although TB is generally treatable and curable, it is estimated by the World Health Organisation (WHO) that one third of the world’s population are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the […]

Resistant hypertension? One in three cases may be due to non-adherence

Resistant hypertension (RH) is a chronic condition in which blood pressure is persistently elevated, despite concurrent treatment with three or more antihypertensive agents. It is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and its effective treatment is costly and invasive. RH has been a hot topic of late, with more […]

Unmet need for bariatric surgery in Ireland

As a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, obesity poses a significant threat to population health and places substantial burden on health services. It is clear that the treatment of morbid obesity needs to be recognised as a fundamental aspect in tackling the obesity epidemic. The increasing evidence on […]

Adolescent health: behaviours, outcomes and social context

Teenagers are often portrayed as unhappy, problematic and difficult to live with. However, many of us may forget that the adolescent stage manifests in rapid physical, psychological, cognitive and socio-cultural changes for young people that occur at a time when a sense of identity and autonomy is being established. So, […]

Fine motor skill development and the 21st century child

Growing up as a child in the 21st century is not as easy as we may think. In addition to not being as physically active and being at greater risk of obesity, children today are falling behind in terms of fine motor skill development. Fine motor skills involve the use […]

Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden

  This Lancet study published on 5th April 2017 (http://thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)30819-X/fulltext) systematically analysed almost 3000 data sources across 195 countries between 1990 and 2015 to demonstrate comprehensively that smoking is still one of the main killers worldwide. This huge undertaking was possible owing to a large Global Collaborator Network which the […]